The minority peoples of Yunnan in Guizhou, China have been practicing this technique of surface design since, some say, the Qin dynasty (221-207BC) but definitely since the Han dynasty (206BC-24AD). These minorities (the Miao, the Bouyei and the Gejia) continue to live in the Southwestern regions of China and to practice this craft until today.
They used beeswax and wormwax as resists, applying the wax to the cloth with the thin blade of a bronze knife. Traditional designs were geometric, but with later influence from the Hans, figurative designs were introduced. The designs which were generally based on realism, are artistic and free flowing and reflect the cultural elements of each community. The traditional colour used was blue from the indigo, but later other colours were added. Batik technique was used to decorate hemp and cotton cloth. Modern day batik Chinese batik is artistic and depending on the artist, may even be romantic.